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Alopecia Areata


It is a group of disorders in which the immune system, which is designed to protect the body against harmful substances, mistakenly attacks and damages its tissues. In a healthy immune system, immune cells identify foreign invaders like bacteria, viruses, or toxins and mount an immune response to neutralize them. However, in autoimmune diseases, the immune system fails to distinguish between "self" and "non-self" and targets the body's own cells, tissues, and organs.

The exact cause of autoimmune diseases is not fully understood, but they likely result from a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. Common triggers may include infections, certain medications, hormonal changes, and stress.

There are over 80 different types of autoimmune diseases, and some of the most common ones include:

Anyone can develop alopecia; however, your chances of having alopecia areata are slightly greater: 

  • If you have a relative with the condition.

  • People who have family members with autoimmune disorders such as diabetes, lupus or thyroid disease. 

Apart from drug treatments, people with alopecia can try various cosmetic and protective techniques.

  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun and the environment (if eyelashes are lost).
  • Eat a well-balanced diet.
  • Reduce stress