Suite No. 411, Eisa Building, Rolla Square, Sharjah

PCOS


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal imbalance that occurs when your ovaries create excess hormones. If you have PCOS, your ovaries produce unusually high levels of hormones called androgens. This causes your reproductive hormones to become imbalanced. As a result, people with PCOS often have irregular menstrual cycles, missed periods, and unpredictable ovulation. However, despite the name "polycystic," you don’t need to have cysts on your ovaries to have PCOS. The ovarian cysts aren’t dangerous or painful.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problem with hormones that happens during the reproductive years.

With PCOS, many small sacs of fluid develop along the outer edge of the ovary. These are called cysts. The small fluid-filled cysts contain immature eggs. These are called follicles. The follicles fail to regularly release eggs.

 

SYMPTOMS

  • Irregular periods. Having few menstrual periods or periods that aren't regular are common signs of PCOS. So is having periods that last for many days or longer than is typical for a period.
  • Too much androgen. High levels of the hormone androgen may result in excess facial and body hair. This is called hirsutism. Sometimes, severe acne and male-pattern baldness can happen, too.
  • Polycystic ovaries. Your ovaries might be bigger. Many follicles containing immature eggs may develop around the edge of the ovary.
  • PCOS signs and symptoms are typically more severe in people with obesity.

 

CAUSES

  • Insulin resistance: Sign of insulin resistance is dark, velvety patches of skin on the lower part of the neck, armpits, groin, or under the breasts. A bigger appetite and weight gain may be other signs.
  • Low-grade inflammation. 
  • Heredity. 
  • Excess androgen

 

COMPLICATIONS

  • Infertility
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Miscarriage or premature birth
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis — a severe liver inflammation caused by fat buildup in the liver
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
  • Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
  • Obesity commonly occurs with PCOS and can worsen complications of the disorder.