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Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages.



  • Tiredness.
  • More sensitivity to cold.
  • Constipation.
  • Dry skin.
  • Weight gain.
  • Puffy face.
  • Hoarse voice.
  • Coarse hair and skin.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness.
  • Menstrual cycles that are heavier than usual or irregular.
  • Thinning hair.
  • Slowed heart rate, also called bradycardia.
  • Depression.
  • Memory problems.

In general, children and teens with hypothyroidism have symptoms similar to those in adults. But they also may have:

  • Poor growth that leads to short stature.
  • Delayed development of permanent teeth.
  • Delayed puberty.
  • Poor mental development.


  • Autoimmune disease. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto's disease.
  • Thyroid surgery. 
  • Radiation therapy. Radiation used to treat cancers of the head and neck
  • Thyroiditis.
  • Some medications
  • Problems present at birth
  • Pituitary disorder.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Not enough iodine



  • Goiter.
  • Heart problems.
  • Peripheral neuropathy.
  • Infertility.
  • Birth defects.
  • Myxedema coma.



Treats hypothyroidism with good results as it treats underlying causes that can be corrected.